Bal Mithai

Bal Mithai
★★★½   7 votes

Bal Mithai or Baal Mithai is a kind of brown fudge made from khoya (dried milk used in Indian cooking) and coated with white sugar balls. It is a popular sweet treat in the Himalayan state of Uttarakhand in India, particularly around the Almora region. To make bal mithai, you need khoya, sugar, and small sugar balls.

You can purchase khoya from Indian stores or you can make it at home but it can be time consuming. Basically, to make khoya you need to boil and reduce milk until it gets to a semi-solid stage. In a heavy bottomed saucepan, bring milk to a boil and then reduce the heat to a simmering point. Continue cooking and keep stirring so that the milk does not stick to the pan. As the milk thickens, stir it more vigorously. Khoya is achieved when you achieve a thick and dry lump and there is no more sizzling or bubbling.

There are also alternatives to khoya that you can try for making bal mithai. Some khoya substitutes include condensed milk mixed with butter or powdered milk mixed with heavy cream.

As an alternative to sugar balls for coating the bal mithai, you can also use poppy seeds. If you can’t find tiny sugar balls, you can also use confectioner’s sugar or powdered sugar to coat the fudge. Baal mithai is sometimes called “chocolate” because of its brown fudge color. The khoya is cooked with the sugar until it turns into a dark brown color. Care must be taken when heating the mixture to avoid burning. In this case, the type of pot used is very important. It should be heavy bottomed for even heat distribution and the temperature should be set to very low. When done, the mixture is cooled and cut into cube and then garnished with the sugar balls.


10 min

45 min

Difficulty Level



  • 35 oz. Khoya

  • 1 cup sugar

  • 3.5 oz. of small sugar balls.

Preparation Instructions


In a large, heavy pot, cook the khoya and sugar until it turns brown. This should take about 3-4 hrs.


Stir occasionally. Transfer to a plate and using your hands, make small rolls from it.


Roll sugar balls over this and serve on a tray. Store in an airtight container.